Visa facilitation agreements are linked to readmission agreements. Readmission agreements define procedures for returning persons (individuals, third-country nationals or stateless persons) to the EU or the partner country of the third country. On the other hand, South Korea is the non-EU country that has agreements with most EU member states, followed by Japan. As a strategic partner of the EU, Japan maintains good relations with the EU, based on common objectives and values. This is reflected in the considerable number of visa waiver agreements. Similarly, Canadian, Chilean, Israeli, Japanese, Malaysian, Singaporean, South Korean and U.S. citizens can pass visa-free to Denmark for 180 days over a 180-day period under the Schengen exemption.  While many EU countries make their visa-free programme available to all passport holders, some only allow certain types of passports. The Schengen area consists of 22 EU Member States and four EFTA member third countries: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.
Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus and Romania are members of the EU, but are not yet part of the Schengen area, but they do have a visa policy based on the Schengen acquis.  In accordance with the Schengen Visa Code, Member States may issue LTV visas when a consulate considers it justified to exceed the three-month limit within six months, when a Member State considers it necessary, due to urgent circumstances, to deviate from the entry requirements under the Schengen border code, to overcome the objections of other Member States and , in case of emergency, to overcome the objections of other Member States.  In general, third-country nationals who spend more than 90 days in the Schengen area or in Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus or Romania require either a visa of less than one year or a residence permit for long periods. Persons of any nationality who are family members of eu-eu nationals and who have a residence card indicating their status are exempt from the visa requirement upon entry into the internal market of the European Union if they wish to accompany or join their family in the EU`s internal market.  Schengen visas can be issued by any member state of the Schengen area. Travellers should contact the embassy or consulate of the country they wish to visit. For travellers to several Schengen countries, travellers must apply to the embassy or consulate of their main destination.  If it is not possible to determine the main destination, the traveller should apply for the visa at the embassy of the Schengen Member State from the first entry.
  Often, external service providers are mandated by certain diplomatic missions to process, withdraw and return visa applications. In exceptional cases, Schengen states may issue visas with limited territorial validity (LTV), in the name giving the designation of the state or states for which they are valid or, conversely, the state for which they are not valid. LTV visa holders can only travel to the Schengen states for which they are valid, as well as to Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus and Romania.     The standard application fee for a Schengen visa is EUR 80. For children aged 6 to 12, the registration fee is reduced by 40 EUROS. Visa application fees may be waived or reduced to “promote cultural or sporting interests, foreign policy interests, development policy and other areas of vital public interest or for humanitarian reasons or international obligations.” If an application is filed with an outside service provider, it can become an additional service charge.  The holder of a visa (even limited to one country) or a residence permit; issued by a Schengen State, Monaco, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus or Romania, Bulgaria Croatia, Cyprus and Romania can also travel without an additional visa, for a stay of up to 90 days over a period of 180 days (excluding